Vizsla Breed Information

“The Vizsla is an affectionate, intelligent, and high-energy breed, renowned for its unique ‘Velcro’ nature, versatile athleticism, and distinguished golden-rust coat.”


About the Vizsla

Group: Sporting

Fast, friendly, and a fantastic family member – meet the Vizsla, a medium-sized sporting dog with a noble history dating back to ancient Hungary. Known as the “Velcro Vizsla,” this canine quite literally sticks to their human families, craving companionship as much as they do exercise. Their gorgeous golden-rust coat and soulful eyes paint a dog of elegance, but under that refined exterior is a ball of fiery energy waiting to be unleashed in the great outdoors! Training them is a breeze considering their intelligence, and they quickly learn the house rules. But tread lightly – they can be sensitive to negative reinforcement. Keeping up with a Vizsla’s sporting spirit and exercise needs can be demanding. They expect regular active adventures like running, hiking, or fetching. But once the day’s fun is done, nothing beats a Vizsla snuggle. Just ensure this breed gets the exercise, company, and love it requires, and a Vizsla will light up your life with its cheerful and devoted presence.

Physical information

Male Female
Average Height 22-24 inches 21-23 inches
Average Weight 45-65 lbs. 40-55 lbs.
Life Expectancy 12-15 years 12-15 years

Vizsla Breed Standard

The breed standard for Vizslas is set by the American Kennel Club (AKC), describing the ideal characteristics, temperament, and appearance of the breed.

  • Acceptable Colors: According to the AKC, the Vizsla’s color should be a uniform golden rust. Darker shades are preferred. No black, white or brown is allowed.
  • Acceptable Markings: A small white mark on the chest not exceeding 1 inch at its widest point, as well as white on the toes, is permissible. However, solid white extending above the toes or white anywhere else on the dog, except the forechest, is a disqualification.

Personality and Ownership Rankings

Friendliness 5-star rating
Good with kids 5-star rating
Shedding Level 3-star rating
Grooming Needs 2-star rating
Drool Level 1-star rating
Trainability 4-star rating
Energy Level 5-star rating

Breed Highlights

  • Affectionate: Vizslas are known for their loving nature and thrive on the affection they receive from their family.
  • Intelligent: They are highly intelligent dogs that are quick to learn and eager to please, making training a relatively straightforward task.
  • Active: Vizslas have a high energy level and need plenty of exercise, making them great companions for active families.
  • Social: They enjoy being around others, including both humans and other dogs, and they often get along well with children.
  • Loyal: Known as “Velcro dogs”, Vizslas form strong bonds with their owners and are extremely loyal.

National Breed Clubs and Rescues

Clubs and Organizations

Rescue Organizations

Care Needs

Like all breeds, Vizslas have certain health needs that responsible owners should address. Regular veterinary check-ups, a balanced diet, and plenty of exercise are crucial to maintaining their overall health. At the same time, it’s important to be familiar with some of the breed-specific health issues that Vizslas can potentially face, such as hip dysplasia and certain eye conditions. For more information on the health care of Vizslas, this Your Purebred Puppy article provides an in-depth look.

Recommended Health Tests

  • Hip Evaluation
  • Thyroid Evaluation
  • Ophthalmologist Evaluation

Exercise Needs

Vizslas are energetic dogs that require a significant amount of daily exercise to keep them happy and healthy. They are extremely active by nature, requiring at least an hour of intense exercise each day. This can be in the form of running, swimming, high-energy play, or off-leash time in a safe, fenced area. Without appropriate outlets for their impulse to run, they can become bored and destructive. Learn more about their exercise needs in this comprehensive article from Habanero Hungarian Vizslas.

Actionable Exercise Advice

  • Take them for a jog or a run every day.
  • Enroll them in dog sports such as agility or obedience classes.
  • Offer them plenty of opportunities for off-leash play in a safe area.
  • Spend time playing fetch or other games that involve running.

Training Needs

Vizslas are highly intelligent dogs that appreciate mental stimulation as much as physical activity. Due to their desire to please their owners, they are generally easy to train, but this should begin early and include socialization. Using positive reinforcement techniques can keep their attention during training sessions. Training should be an on-going process throughout their life to keep their minds sharp. I you are considering “field training” your Vizsla, here is a good introduction from Aredanaiseig Vizslas.

Actionable Training Advice

  • Begin training and socialization as early as possible.
  • Utilize positive reinforcement techniques.
  • Include obedience training in their routine.
  • Challenge them with puzzle toys to stimulate their minds.

Nutrition Needs

Proper nutrition is fundamental to ensure a healthy and active life for your Vizsla. Like all breeds, they thrive on a balanced diet that caters to their specific needs. Since Vizslas are high-energy dogs, they require food with enough protein and calories to fuel their active lifestyle. Similarly, meals should be divided to prevent bloat, a condition quite common in deep-chested breeds. You can read about specific food recommendations from Summit Vizslas.

Actionable Nutrition Advice

  • Feed high-quality, protein-rich dog food.
  • Break meals into two portions to prevent gobbling and bloat.
  • Consider food that is specially formulated for active breeds.
  • Always have fresh water available for them, especially after workouts.

Vizsla Breed History

The Vizsla, also known as the “Hungarian Pointer,” has a history that extends back to the early tribes of Magyars in Hungary around a thousand years ago. These dogs were companions and hunting dogs of the early Magyar tribesmen. Their strong sense of smell and high level of energy made them ideal for hunting games. The breed’s early development was largely about refining these hunting qualities. You can read more about their origins and ancestry here.

In the mid-19th century, breed standardization began with a focus on physical traits, temperament, and hunting abilities. The breed standard was established to preserve the unique characteristics, temperament, and abilities of the Vizsla. The first breed standard was recognized by the Federation Cynologique Internationale in 1938.

The Vizsla’s popularity grew over time, especially in the mid-20th century. World War II brought many changes, including migration of some breeders to the United States and other countries which eventually led to worldwide recognition. The breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1960.

The Vizsla faced numerous challenges, including near extinction during World War I and II. Preservation efforts began in earnest after World War II, with breeders in Hungary and abroad working to re-establish the breed. Their efforts paid off, and today’s Vizslas are universally recognized for their beauty, versatility, and friendliness towards others.

In the modern era, the Vizsla is known as an energetic, affectionate breed that forms strong bonds with its owners. The breed maintains its reputation as a superb hunting dog and its distinctive golden-rust color makes it easily recognizable. Vizslas are notably healthy breeds, but they require significant mental and physical stimulation due to their high energy levels. Further information about the history of this breed can be found in this article from Toldin Vizslas.

Vizsla Fun Facts

  • The “Velcro Dog”: Vizslas are often referred to as “Velcro dogs” because they’re known to stay very close to their owners, always wanting to be in physical contact.
  • Noble History: The breed has a regal history, originating from the Hungarian tribes dating back to the 10th century, where it was used as a hunting dog by nobility.
  • Natural Swimmers: Thanks to their webbed feet, Vizslas are natural swimmers. They’re among the few dog breeds that truly enjoy water and are excellent at fetching games involving swimming.
  • Multi-Talented: Vizslas are versatile dogs excelling in various fields beyond hunting, including agility, tracking, obedience, and even as therapy dogs.
  • Coat Maintenance: Despite their short coats, Vizslas self-clean much like cats do, reducing the occurrence of typical “doggy odor” and the need for frequent baths.
  • War Survivors: The Vizsla breed nearly became extinct after World War II. Thanks to careful breeding programs, the breed was brought back and is now thriving.

Frequently Asked Questions

Do Vizslas make good family dogs?

Yes, Vizslas are known for their affectionate and friendly nature, making them great companions for families. They are also very good with children and other pets when properly socialized.

How much exercise does a Vizsla need?

Vizslas are highly active dogs that require at least one hour of vigorous exercise each day. This can be achieved through activities such as running, swimming, or playing fetch.

Are Vizslas easy to train?

Vizslas are intelligent and eager to please, which usually makes them fairly easy to train. However, they do best with positive reinforcement training methods.

Do Vizslas shed a lot?

While Vizslas have short coats, they do shed regularly, particularly during the shedding seasons of spring and fall. Regular brushing can help manage this shedding.

Are Vizslas good for first-time dog owners?

The Vizsla can be a good breed for first-time dog owners, but due to their high energy levels and exercise needs, they are best suited to active individuals or families.

Breeds Similar to the Vizsla

  • German Shorthaired Pointer: Like Vizslas, German Shorthaired Pointers are energetic, athletic dogs that can thrive in active households. They are also keen hunters and are known for their sharp intelligence and keen trainability.
  • Weimaraner: Weimaraners share a lot of similarities with Vizslas in terms of their exercise needs and intelligence. They are also affectionate, good-natured, and known for being excellent family dogs.
  • Rhodesian Ridgeback: While perhaps an unexpected pick, Rhodesian Ridgebacks are also athletic, energetic breeds with a similar temperament. They are known for their loyalty and can be a good alternative for someone considering a Vizsla but wanting a more robust breed.
  • Dalmatian: Dalmatians can also be a good fit for prospective Vizsla owners who want a breed with similar energy levels but with more distinctive looks. Dalmatians crave companionship and enjoy an active lifestyle which aligns well with Vizsla needs.