The following is an excerpt from "Pomskies: A Complete Guide for the New Owner" by David Anderson and Erin Hotovy. For more information visit the books Amazon Page.
Author Credit: David Anderson and Erin HotovyThere is nothing more important than your Pomsky’s good health. While health care can become expensive, you would do anything to keep your dog happy and healthy. Visits to the vet are a must for keeping your dog in good condition, but there’s also so much you can do at home to keep vet bills down. When it comes to health care, prevention is key. If you can keep your dog healthy through good food, regular exercise, and dog preventative medicines, you won’t have to worry too much about your dog breaking the bank.
Fleas and ticks are parasites that are common with any mammal. These parasites can cause many different illnesses. It is vital that you protect your pet against fleas and ticks. Getting sick from a tick or flea, without the proper vaccinations, can lead to many illnesses. Many of these illnesses can actually be deadly to your puppy. Therefore, proper precautions must be taken to protect your Pomsky.
Fleas are wingless insects. They are very small insects that can jump surprisingly far for their small size. These fleas are normally found on dogs, cats, opossums, coyotes, raccoons, and foxes. They are not found on all mammals. They like to burrow and hide in the fur of the afore mentioned animals. Fleas feed off the blood of the host. They can spread diseases like bartonellosis and tapeworm.
Ticks are arachnids. They are much like spiders. These parasites are found on a larger number of animals than fleas. Ticks are normally found on birds, rodents, snakes, lizards, foxes, deer, squirrels, rabbits, opossums, raccoons, cattle, cats, dogs, and humans. Ticks, much like fleas, also feed off the blood of the host. Ticks are much sturdier than fleas and can easily survive cold temperatures. Ticks can spread diseases that can prove fatal for your dog. The diseases spread by these ticks are Lyme disease and Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever.
During annual checkups, your veterinarian will give your dog vaccinations to help defend against many of the diseases spread by these parasites. However, proper protection must also be taken by you, the dog owner and caretaker. There are many brands of medication that are prescribed by your veterinarian to protect your dog from fleas and ticks. Normally these are given to your pet orally, or spread, in liquid form, between the shoulder blades of your dog once every month.
Normally, dogs have a strong enough immune system to kill many illnesses as well as certain parasites that can cause such illnesses. Dogs can sometimes kill off parasites such as worms with their strong immune systems; however, many times, your dog may need help from a veterinarian.
There are five common worms found that plague dogs. There are different symptoms for the different worms as well. If you are finding that your dog is showing any of the below-mentioned symptoms, you will need to take precautions immediately, including taking your puppy to the veterinarian.
The tapeworm is one of five worms that are commonly found in dogs. This type of worm is normally found on the inner lining of the intestinal wall. The young worms, normally the eggs, are passed through a dog’s feces. Tapeworms drain the nutrition from the dog it is infecting. Roundworms and hookworms are the most common type of worms found in dogs. These worms are normally found in the stomach and intestinal walls.
Heartworms are another common worm that infects dogs and makes them sick. Heartworms live in the blood vessels of the dogs. These worms can cause blockages and can actually be fatal to your dog. Heartworms can be spread by mosquitoes and other blood-drinking insects. Heartworms are very difficult to detect. Unfortunately, once heartworms are detected, the damage has already been done to the dog.
Whipworms are a final type of common worms found in dogs. These worms are usually found attached to the walls of the small intestines and large intestines. Whipworms are also hard to detect. This type of worm does not reproduce as quickly as the other worms. However, the scary thing about this type of worm is that the eggs, once laid, can live up to five years without hatching. They will wait that long without hatching until the whipworm eggs can attach to a host.
There are a wide range of symptoms that can alert a dog owner to a worm infestation. One of these symptoms is coughing. A lot of worms can cause coughing. Heartworms, when at a high infestation level, can cause coughing. Hookworms and roundworms can also cause your dog to cough.
Vomiting is also another symptom. Vomiting is normally caused by worms in the stomach. The worms in the stomach can make a dog’s stomach very uneasy. In some cases, the worms can be found in the bile.
Diarrhea is a symptom of worms that are most often found in the intestines of dogs. The worms that cause diarrhea and are attached to the intestines can easily steal nutrients from a dog. The worms then lay the eggs in the intestines and the eggs are then found in the feces and can be spread to other dogs.
If your dog is displaying a lot of low energy, you will want to get him checked out by your veterinarian. Low energy can normally be caused by worms that stay in the heart. These worms can make it difficult for the dog’s blood to circulate the oxygen properly as well as circulate the nutrients it needs. These worms that cause low energy also take up the nutrients that the dog needs for himself.
You may notice a lot of puppies, when they are first born, tend to have a little pot belly. This is due to the fact that a lot of puppies are born with worms already in them. Some worms are actually passed on from a mother to her puppies during pregnancy. This causes the puppies to have a pot belly. However, the little pot belly is not only seen in puppies. Many adult dogs can show signs of a pot belly because of a worm infestation.
If you notice your dog losing a significant amount of weight, you will want to take him to the veterinarian as soon as possible. Worms tend to take any nutrition that your dog desperately needs. These worms may actually absorb any food that the dog they are infesting may ingest.
A dull coat can also be a symptom of a worm infestation. You may notice your dog’s coat is becoming spotty and starting to lose its shine. You may also notice, on your dog’s skin, rashes forming.
An itchy dog can also be a red flag to a dog that is infested with worms. There are worms that can actually infect parts of the dog’s skin, thus making the dog feel itchy. If you notice your dog continually scratching a specific area, you may want to treat your dog for worms.
Dogs, when infected by worms that are found in or around the rectum, can scoot across the floor. This type of infection can be very painful for your dog. The dog scooting across the floor is trying to remove this irritation. While it can be alarming, a dog scooting across the ground is not always due to a worm infestation. However, that does not mean you should not look into the reason behind the scooting behavior, just to be sure you are covering your bases.
Finally, worm-infested feces are a sure sign of your dog being infested with worms. Many worms lay their eggs in the small and large intestines. The eggs are easy to spot in the fecal matter. However, it is also easy to transfer these kinds of worms to other dogs because of this.
Worms are a nuisance. Veterinarians, during the initial check-up and future checkups, will test and treat your dog for worms. They will also suggest necessary medication to help to prevent different worms, usually heartworms.
Even if treated as a preventative measure, you will want to keep an eye out for any of the symptoms mentioned above. Parasites like worms can be very hazardous to your Pomsky’s health. The health of your dog will be one of your top priorities, right there with his happiness. One of the best ways to keep your dog happy is to keep your dog healthy.
Finding a veterinarian that you can trust is one of the most important things to do before bringing home your Pomsky. A veterinarian is someone who will care for your dog when he is too sick for you to care for yourself. A veterinarian is well versed in animal health and you should never feel hesitant to take your dog to the veterinarian if you notice anything strange in his physical appearance or behavior. Some symptoms can be signs of a less significant disease or a life-threatening disease.
With that said, you will want to find a veterinarian that you feel comfortable going to. You do not want to go to a veterinarian that you cannot trust with your dog. As you will quickly begin to realize, your sweet Pomsky puppy will quickly tug on your heartstrings. Therefore, you will want a veterinarian that you know will take good care of your beloved pooch.
First off, you will want a veterinarian that runs a good practice. This includes a practice that has great customer service. You want to walk into the veterinarian’s office and know that your dog will be taken care of. If the veterinarian office that you walk into feels unorganized, unwelcoming, chaotic, or displays other disconcerting signs, you may not want to take your pet to this office. If the office makes you feel uncomfortable, your pet will feel uncomfortable. Find an office that you feel happy, comfortable, and confident to take your pet to. Along those lines, you want a veterinarian that has good time-management skills. You want a veterinarian that easily keeps his appointment times and moves patients along quickly without compromising the quality of service that he provides.
You also want to have a veterinarian that communicates easily with you. There is a lot of medical information that is passed on to you about your pet. You may want a veterinarian that can describe and explain everything to you in a manner that is easily understandable.
A compassionate veterinarian is an awesome person to take your precious Pomsky to. You want a veterinarian that truly cares for his job, what he does, and the pets that he cares for. You want a veterinarian that is also passionate about what he does. Along the same lines, you want a veterinarian that is dedicated to his job. You want a veterinarian that will not easily give up. You want a veterinarian that you know will be there for you and your pet and who is someone that you can really rely on.
As obvious as it seems, you want a veterinarian that is able to handle animals of various shapes and sizes. You want a veterinarian that is also knowledgeable. A proper veterinarian should be able to confidently handle your dog, regardless of his size. A proper veterinarian should also know what could be ailing your dog as well as how to take care for any issues that arise.
Finally, it would be beneficial for you to find a veterinarian that is able to make quick decisions. This does not mean that the veterinarian should be making rash decisions. There are times that a veterinarian will have to make quick decisions, especially in emergency situations. You want a veterinarian who, when under pressure, can make well-thought-out decisions in a pinch. These quick decision-making skills can end up saving your dog’s life someday.
While all of these qualities are great for helping you to decide on a veterinarian, the most important quality is that you feel comfortable with the veterinarian you choose in the end. He is someone that you can talk to easily and ask questions. If you get your Pomsky from a local breeder, you can ask your breeder about veterinarians that they trust if you are having trouble finding a reputable veterinarian.
Vaccines are issued to keep your dog from catching many different diseases. Your veterinarian can tell you what ones are best for your puppy.
There are certain vaccines that are required, others that are recommended, and others that are really only recommended depending on where you live. In 2006, the American Animal Hospital Association’s Canine Task Force revised the guidelines of core, non-core, and not recommended vaccines for dogs.
Core vaccines are vaccines that are important for all dogs to have. These vaccines are canine parvovirus, distemper, canine hepatitis, and rabies. Non-core vaccines are vaccines suggested based on if the dog is at risk or not. Non-core vaccines protect against diseases such as bordetella bronchiseptica, borrelia, burgdoferi, and leptospira bacteria.
Your vet will know what to give your Pomsky and when your Pomsky should be vaccinated for a disease. This is another reason why regular vet visits are so important. Your vet will set up a vaccination schedule for your Pomsky and may even send you reminders for your next visit. You don’t want to miss out on a vaccination window and have it interfere with the scheduling for other vaccines. That, and you want your dog to have the most protection against disease as possible.
Most dogs should not show a negative side effect after being injected with vaccines. However, sometimes an adverse reaction can happen. Some symptoms that you will want to watch for after a vaccine are fever, sluggishness, loss of appetite, facial swelling or hives, vomiting, diarrhea, pain, swelling, redness, loss of hair around where the vaccine was injected, lameness, collapsing, breathing difficulties, or seizures. If you notice any of these symptoms you will want to contact your veterinarian.
All in all, vaccinations are important for your Pomsky to keep him safe from a wide range of diseases. If not vaccinated, these illnesses can make your Pomsky very sick and in many cases can result in an untimely death. Plus, if your dog is vaccinated, it means he can’t spread diseases to other dogs and get them sick. Again, your goal in raising a Pomsky is to raise a puppy into a happy and healthy dog.
Overall, Pomskies are a pretty healthy breed. However, they can still have some plaque issue which is normally inherited from the Pomeranian parent. To keep your Pomsky healthy, you will want to make frequent trips to the veterinarian for annual checkups at the very least. You will want to make sure you keep your Pomsky on a healthy diet.
Also, in order to keep your Pomsky happy and healthy, you will want to keep a good exercise regimen for your Pomsky. Pomskies are very active dogs with a lot of energy. In order to remain healthy, they need a lot of exercise. You can try to work on exercising your Pomsky by taking him on walks regularly. You may also consider running with your Pomsky, if you like to run yourself. A lot of playtime is also a good way to exercise your Pomsky. Also, having a yard that your Pomsky is free to run around in will help to keep your Pomsky healthy.
Mental health is part of your dog’s overall good health. A dog that does not get the chance to use his mind may show confusion as a senior dog. Games, obedience training, and food puzzles are all good ways to keep your dog’s mind active.
Ultimately, Pomskies are a pretty healthy breed, as we currently know. The breed is still relatively new, so its overall healthiness is not completely well known. But in order to raise a happy and healthy Pomsky, you will need to stay up-to-date on vet visits, maintain a healthy diet, and keep your Pomsky well-exercised.
To read more from "Pomskies: A complete Guide for the New Owner" by David Anderson and Erin Hotovy, or purchase on Amazon, visit the link below: