French Bulldog Breed Information

“The French Bulldog is a compact, muscular dog breed with a smooth coat, a squashed face and bat-like ears, known for its friendly, easygoing personality and its ability to adapt to various lifestyles.”


About the French Bulldog

Group: Non-Sporting

Renowned for their distinctive “bat ears” and affable nature, French Bulldogs charm everyone they meet with their endearing personality. These muscular, compact little canines are known for their adaptability and typically thrive in all living environments, from city apartments to sprawling country estates. They’re low-energy but love their playtime and bonding sessions with “their” humans. French Bulldogs are typically easy to train but can sometimes be a tad stubborn, so a little patience and consistency go a long way. With a short, easy-care coat, they’re low on the grooming needs but high on the cuddles! However, their cute squashed face brings some breathing problems and they don’t tolerate heat well, so a climate-controlled environment is best. Make sure your Frenchie is not overfed as they can easily pile on the pounds. Gentle, lovable and a tad goofy, a well-socialized French Bulldog makes a great family companion!

Physical information

Male Female
Average Height 11-12 inches 10-11 inches
Average Weight 16-28 lbs. 16-24 lbs.
Life Expectancy 10-12 years 10-12 years

French Bulldog Breed Standard

For those interested in the specific qualities and characteristics deemed ideal for the French Bulldog breed, refer to the AKC’s official breed standard.

  • Acceptable Colors: brindle, fawn, white, cream, and combinations of brindle or fawn with white.
  • Acceptable Markings: brindle markings, piebald, white markings, black masks, black shadings, and ticked.

Personality and Ownership Rankings

Good with kids
Shedding Level
Grooming Needs
Drool Level
Energy Level

Breed Highlights

  • Adaptable: French Bulldogs adapt well to different living environments, making them perfect pets for various home types.
  • Friendly: Known for their affable nature, these dogs are typically friendly towards both people and other pets.
  • Low Energy: With a laid-back energy level, they are easy-going pets, requiring just enough exercise to keep them healthy.
  • Good-Natured Companions: French Bulldogs are known for their good nature and make an excellent companion, always ready to cuddle.
  • Easy to Groom: Their short coat requires minimal grooming making them easy to maintain.

National Breed Clubs and Rescues

Clubs and Organizations

Rescue Organizations

Care Needs

French Bulldogs are generally healthy but like all breeds, they can be prone to specific health problems. A key aspect of their care is to keep them at a healthy weight as they can easily become obese, which puts extra strain on their bodies. These dogs are also brachycephalic (short-faced), which can lead to complications with general anaesthesia and heat tolerance. You can get comprehensive health care advice for French Bulldogs here. Routine examinations are important to catch any potential health problems early.

Recommended Health Tests

  • Hip Evaluation
  • Ophthalmologist Evaluation
  • Patella Evaluation
  • Cardiac Exam

Exercise Needs

Despite being classed as low-energy, French Bulldogs do require daily exercise to maintain a healthy weight and muscle tone. A couple of 15-minute walks per day, combined with some playtime should suffice. Even though they love to play, don’t exercise them in hot weather as they can easily overheat due to their brachycephalic nature. Further information on their exercise needs is available at this comprehensive guide.

Actionable Exercise Advice

  • Engage in 15-minute walks twice a day.
  • Play fetch or other games in a safe, climate-controlled environment.
  • Consider low-stress exercises, like swimming, if possible and supervised.

Training Needs

French Bulldogs are amusing and intelligent, making training sessions fun. They engage well with positive reinforcement techniques. However, they can be a little bit stubborn, so patience will be key to successful training. Early socialization and puppy training classes are recommended for these dogs. More training advice can be found at Dog Time’s article.

Actionable Training Advice

  • Start training as soon as you get your puppy home.
  • Utilize positive reinforcement techniques like treats and praise.
  • Ensure you are patient and consistent with your training.
  • Consider puppy training classes for socialisation benefits.

Nutrition Needs

French Bulldogs require a balanced diet to maintain their muscle tone and prevent them from becoming overweight. They have a tendency to eat quickly which can lead to obesity and other health issues such as breathing difficulties. Catering to their nutritional needs may well require feeding them high-quality dog food suitable for their age, size, and activity levels, as this guide suggests. Fresh, clean water should always be available for them.

Actionable Nutrition Advice

  • Feed your French Bulldog a high-quality diet that’s appropriate for their age, size, and activity level.
  • Ensure they have access to fresh, clean water at all times.
  • Maintain a regular feeding schedule and resist the temptation to overfeed.
  • Consider using a slow-feed bowl to prevent them from eating too quickly.

French Bulldog Breed History

The French Bulldog, despite its name, has its origins in Britain in the early 19th century. They are thought to be a descendent of the Toy Bulldog, a breed popular in urban England at the time. These miniature bulldogs were sought after by French lace workers who had relocated to regions in France during the Industrial Revolution. The small bulldogs, known for their companionable nature, were perfect for the lace makers.

Throughout their early development in France, the breed evolved significantly. Local breeders started to favor the telltale “bat ears” of the French Bulldog, a distinct difference from their English relatives. As the dogs were crossbred with local French breeds, a unique type of small bulldog became more defined.

By the end of the 19th century, high society in Paris had taken a liking to these charming dogs, which led to the breed’s standardization. The newly formed French Bulldog Club of America held their first show in 1897, they adopted a breed standard that notably included the “bat ears“, rejecting the “rose ears” that were popular in Britain. This marked the beginning of the French Bulldog as a breed distinct from its English counterpart.

The breed’s popularity continued to grow, both in Europe and America. This resulted in overbreeding and a decline in health standards, which presented significant challenges. Preservation efforts were led by dedicated breed clubs who worked to promote responsible breeding practices and maintain the breed standard.

Today’s French Bulldog is known for its stocky build, short stature, distinct “bat ears” and amiable nature. They make excellent companions and are widely loved for their low maintenance and good nature around other animals and children. Despite the breed’s past struggles, with careful breeding and an emphasis on health, the French Bulldog has enjoyed enduring popularity and continues to be one of the most popular breeds in many countries.

French Bulldog Fun Facts

  • Not Quite French: Despite their name, French Bulldogs actually have their origins in England, where they were bred as companion dogs for lace workers.
  • They Don’t Swim Well: Because of their squat frame and bulbous head, French Bulldogs can’t swim, so pool owners will need to keep a watchful eye on their pets.
  • 19th Century Trendsetters: French Bulldogs became incredibly popular among high society in Paris in the late 19th century and were considered a symbol of urban sophistication.
  • They’re Quiet: Unlike many small breeds, French Bulldogs aren’t known to be barkers. They usually only bark when there’s something important to talk about.
  • They have “Bat Ears”: French Bulldogs have distinct “bat ears” that stand straight up. This was a breed trait insisted upon by American breeders, and is a characteristic feature of the breed today.
  • They’re Celebrity Favorites: Several celebrities, including Madonna, Reese Witherspoon and David Beckham, have chosen French Bulldogs as their four-legged friends.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Do French Bulldogs make good apartment dogs?
Yes, French Bulldogs are generally well-suited to apartment living due to their small size and relatively low energy levels.

2. Do French Bulldogs require a lot of exercise?
While they’re not a high-energy breed, French Bulldogs still require daily walks and playtime to keep them healthy and prevent obesity.

3. How often do French Bulldogs need to be groomed?
French Bulldogs have a short coat that sheds minimally. Regular brushing can help keep their coat healthy, but they don’t require frequent professional grooming.

4. Are French Bulldogs good with children and other pets?
Generally, yes. French Bulldogs are known for their gentle and friendly nature, and they can get along well with children and other pets.

5. Are French Bulldogs easy to train?
French Bulldogs are intelligent and eager to please, but they can be a bit stubborn. Consistency and positive reinforcement methods work best when training this breed.

Breeds Similar to the French Bulldog

  • Boston Terrier: Often called the “American Gentleman” of dog breeds, Boston Terriers also have a friendly disposition and similar low to moderate energy levels to French Bulldogs. They also have a short coat that requires minimal grooming.
  • Pug: Pugs are another breed similar to the French Bulldog. They are small, generally good-natured, and love being the center of attention, just like French Bulldogs. They also have a similar brachycephalic facial structure.
  • Bullmastiff: While much larger than French Bulldogs, Bullmastiffs share the similar traits of being calm yet playful, while also being surprisingly low-energy for their size. If you like the temperament of a French Bulldog but want a larger breed, a Bullmastiff could be a good choice.
  • Shih Tzu: Shih Tzus might not look much like French Bulldogs, but they share the same affectionate and companionable nature. They’re small, generally peaceful with other pets, and love being a part of the family, making them a potential alternative to the French Bulldog.