Australian Shepherd Breed Information

“The Australian Shepherd is a highly intelligent and energetic dog breed, known for its striking multicolored coat, herding abilities, and playful yet hardworking nature.”


About the Australian Shepherd

Group: Herding

Australian Shepherds, or “Aussies” as they’re affectionately called, are intelligent, spirited, and well-muscled dogs originally bred to herd livestock. Their athleticism and agility make them a star at dog sports like agility, herding and flyball. Aussies come in various striking coat colors and might even dazzle you with their blue or multi-colored eyes. These dogs are renowned for their work ethic, but beware, all that activity means they require vigorous daily exercise— a simple walk won’t cut it. This boundless energy can turn into mischief if they’re bored. Training? They love it, and thrive on the mental challenge. Aussies have a protective nature and can be reserved around strangers, but early socialization can help them be more easygoing. Their lush fur looks great, but they’re heavy shedders so get ready to brush… and brush a bit more. Australian Shepherds are a truly engaging breed for the active owner who can meet their high exercise needs.

Physical information

Male Female
Average Height 20-23 inches 18-21 inches
Average Weight 50-65 lbs. 40-55 lbs.
Life Expectancy 12-15 years 12-15 years

Australian Shepherd Breed Standard

The American Kennel Club (AKC) establishes the breed standard which delineates the ideal characteristics, temperament, and appearance of the Australian Shepherd:

  • Acceptable Colors: According to the breed standard, the Australian Shepherd’s coat may be black, blue merle, red merle, or red – all of which may be with or without white markings and/or tan (copper) points.
  • Acceptable Markings: Markings are accepted in a variety of patterns, and can range from tan points, a blaze on the forehead, white markings on the collar, chest, legs, muzzle underparts, and a white stripe or blaze on the head.

Personality and Ownership Rankings

Good with Kids
Shedding Level
Grooming Needs
Drool Level
Energy Level

Breed Highlights

  • Intelligent: Australian Shepherds are highly intelligent, making them quick learners and excellent problem-solvers.
  • Active: With their high energy levels and athleticism, these dogs are perfect companions for an active lifestyle.
  • Trainable: Their love for mental stimulation and eagerness to please make Australian Shepherds exceedingly trainable, excelling in obedience, agility, and herding.
  • Loyal: Known for their loyalty, Aussies form strong bonds with their families and can be protective of their home.
  • Social: Despite their initial reserve, they are sociable dogs that enjoy spending time with their human family, including kids and other pets.

National Breed Clubs and Rescues

Clubs and Organizations

Rescue Organizations

Care Needs

Australian Shepherds, like any breed, have their share of health concerns. While generally robust and active, Aussies are prone to some hereditary conditions like hip dysplasia, certain eye disorders, and a particular MDR1 gene mutation that affects drug metabolism. Regular veterinary check-ups and paying attention to their overall behaviour will help catch any potential issues early. This comprehensive article further details on Australian Shepherd’s health concerns and tips for care.

Recommended Health Tests

  • Hip Evaluation
  • Elbow Evaluation
  • Ophthalmologist Evaluation
  • PRA Optigen DNA Test
  • MDR1 DNA Test

Exercise Needs

Given their herding background, Australian Shepherds are an energetic breed. They require regular, vigorous exercise to keep them mentally stimulated and physically fit. They excel in activities that challenge them both mentally and physically. These activities could include agility training, advanced obedience training, and herding events. Check this detailed guide on exercising and training your Australian Shepherd for more information.

Actionable Exercise Advice

  • Provide at least an hour of exercise a day, which can be split into multiple sessions.
  • Involve them in activities that engage their mind and body such as agility courses and fetch.
  • Include them in your physical activities like hiking, running or even frisbee games.
  • Adequate exercise will not only keep them fit but also help avoid behavior problems.

Training Needs

Training is an essential part of an Australian Shepherd’s life. Their intelligence and energy makes them quick learners, but without consistent, positive training methods, they can develop unruly behaviors. Early socialization and puppy training classes are recommended. This comprehensive article provides deeper insights about the training needs of Australian Shepherds.

Actionable Training Advice

  • Start training your Aussie as early as possible to instill good behaviors.
  • Be consistent and always reward good behavior with praises, treats, or toys.
  • Incorporate various training methods to keep the sessions interesting for your dog.
  • Expose your Australian Shepherd to diverse environments, people, and situations for well-rounded socialization.

Nutrition Needs

The Australian Shepherd, being an active and high-energy breed, has specific nutritional needs. A balanced, protein-rich diet is crucial to support their lean muscle mass. Also, enough calories are required to fuel their energy needs. However, given their propensity for certain genetic issues, it’s important not to overfeed to avoid obesity. For an in-depth understanding of nutritional requirements, refer to this resource.

Actionable Nutrition Advice

  • Choose a high-quality dog food with a good source of protein.
  • Portion control is important to maintain their ideal body weight.
  • Ensure they have access to fresh, clean water at all times.
  • For pup nutrition, opt for puppy-specific food for the first year, and then transition to adult food.

Australian Shepherd Breed History

Contrary to its name, the Australian Shepherd dog, fondly known as the Aussie, can trace its Origins and Ancestry back to the Western United States. It’s believed that its ancestry range includes several European herding dogs that arrived in the US along with Australian livestock during the 1840s gold rush era.

During its Early Development, the breed quickly gained popularity among American cowboys for their versatility and hardworking characteristics. They shone in the high-demand environment of herding livestock across Western farms and ranches.

Structured Breed Standardization did not occur until the 1950s. The Australian Shepherd Club of America (ASCA) was established in 1957, outlining the first breed’s standards.

The breed’s Popularity and Recognition saw a significant increase when Western-style horse riding was popularized in mid-20th-century pop culture. The Australian Shepherd was finally granted recognition by the American Kennel Club only in 1993. They are appreciated not only for their inherent herding capabilities but also for their impressive appearance and friendly nature.

With increased recognition came new Challenges and Preservation Efforts. The interest in the breed resulted in a spike in breeding, overshadowing concerns about maintaining breed standards and genetic health. Today, there are stringent measures in place to preserve the breed through ethical breeding procedures.

The Modern Breed Characteristics of the Australian Shepherd still include the stamina, intelligence, and versatility of a working dog. They exceed in various dog sports such as herding, agility, obedience, and they are highly sought after as therapy and guide dogs.

Australian Shepherd Fun Facts

  • Not Actually Australian: The Australian Shepherd breed, contrary to its name, was developed entirely in the United States.
  • Distinct Eye Colors: Australian Shepherds can have “marbled” eyes, with two distinct colors in the same eye.
  • High Energy Levels: Aussies are known for their high energy levels. They love to work, whether it’s herding, agility training or playing fetch.
  • Movie Stars: Hallie Eisenberg’s Aussie named Moose took the leading role in the film ‘Dog Gone’.
  • Intelligent and Easy to Train: Ranked as the 42nd most intelligent dog breed, Australian Shepherds learn new commands quickly and are eager to please their owners.
  • Strong Herding Instincts: Originally bred to herd livestock, Aussies might try to herd children and other pets by nipping at their heels.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Do Australian Shepherds require a lot of exercise?

Yes, Australian Shepherds are an active and energetic breed that requires regular and vigorous exercise. Their herding background makes them naturally energetic and they thrive with plenty of physical and mental stimulation.

2. Are Australian Shepherds easy to train?

Australian Shepherds are very intelligent, which makes them quick to learn and easy to train. They perform exceptionally well in obedience and are often seen at the top levels of competition.

3. How often do Australian Shepherds need grooming?

Aussies have a medium-length coat that needs a good brushing once or twice a week. Regular grooming helps to keep their coat clean and healthy.

4. Are Australian Shepherds good with kids and other pets?

Yes, Australian Shepherds are generally good with kids and other pets. However, they do have a strong herding instinct and may try to herd children and pets, so it’s important to provide them with proper socialization and training.

5. What is the average lifespan of an Australian Shepherd?

The average lifespan of an Australian Shepherd is typically between 12 to 15 years, although they can live longer with proper care.

Breeds Similar to the Australian Shepherd

  • Border Collie: Border Collies, like Australian Shepherds, are intelligent, energetic, and hardworking. They excel in obedience, agility, and herding, making them an ideal breed for those looking for a strong and active pet.
  • Sheltie (Shetland Sheepdog): Shelties share the intelligence and herding instinct of Australian Shepherds. They also have a similar stature and coat, making them a suitable alternative for those who appreciate the appearance of Aussies.
  • Belgian Malinois: This is a less common breed but has many similar traits to the Aussie. Belgian Malinois dogs are highly intelligent, active, and resilient, known for their excellent working ability in various roles such as herding, service, and police work.
  • Blue Heeler (Australian Cattle Dog): Blue Heelers, like Aussies, are from a herding background and possess a similar energy level and work ethic. They are loyal, protective, and recognized for their intelligence and endurance.